What to Do if a Police Officer Discriminates Against You

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Civil Rights

Police officers, like all law enforcement authorities, are legally and duty-bound to treat all persons equally and not to discriminate due to a person’s race, gender, sexual orientation, or other distinguishing characteristics. The New York civil rights attorneys at Manhattan’s Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. are dedicated to exposing NYPD discrimination and holding law enforcement officers accountable for their misconduct. If your civil rights were violated by the NYPD, you may be entitled to substantial monetary compensation, including punitive damages, to send a loud and clear message that this kind of abusive behavior will not be tolerated.  

What constitutes police discrimination?

A police officer can stop an individual for a brief and cursory holding and questioning if the officer has a reasonable suspicion of criminal activity. The holding period must be no longer than is necessary, and the officer must use the least intrusive means available to investigate the suspicious activity. The officer cannot arrest a person without a probable cause for that arrest.

The standards for what constitutes “reasonable suspicion” and “probable cause” are not sharply defined. If you believe that an officer stopped you, for example, solely on account of your skin color or ethnic background, the officer will likely offer a contrary explanation that includes a rationale for the stop.  

Patterns of misconduct can help demonstrate police discrimination

If the officer who allegedly committed the act of discrimination has a personnel file that includes multiple reports of discriminatory conduct, it will show a pattern of behavior that will help substantiate your case.

In New York City, reports of police discrimination are filed with the Civilian Complaint Review Board (the “CCRB”). Before submitting your report to the CCRB, contact Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green. We can assess the circumstances of your discrimination case and advise you on how best to proceed, from filing a CCRB report to initiating a civil rights lawsuit.

Filing a lawsuit for police officer discrimination

You should contact a knowledgeable and experienced civil rights lawyer if you believe that you have been subjected to harassment by police solely because of your race or other class characteristics. This includes:

  • False arrests or unreasonably long periods of detention;
  • Excessive use of force;
  • Abusive surveillance with no suspicion of criminal activity;
  • Demands or suggestions for bribes; and
  • Verbal abuse or attacks that refer to a person’s race or ethnicity.

Police officers have a level of qualified immunity to civilian complaints. To overcome this immunity and to bring a successful lawsuit for police discrimination, the victim should record details of the incident and get the names and contact information for any witnesses.

Civil Rights Attorneys for Victims of Police Discrimination

A victim of actionable police discrimination has a right to sue the officer and that officer’s employer both in State and Federal Court. If you were treated unfairly by the NYPD based on your race, gender, or sexual orientation, please call us today to discuss your case directly with a civil rights attorney New York City trusts to fight relentlessly for equality and justice. We are not afraid to go up against the NYPD and the City when law enforcement personnel abuse their authority and the civil rights of those they are sworn to protect. All initial consultations are free.

What to Do After a Construction Accident

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Construction Accidents


The steps that an injured worker takes immediately following a construction site accident can significantly impact his or her ability to recover disability payments and other compensation.

The New York construction accident attorneys at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. advise injured workers on what steps they should take in the aftermath of a construction accident. Our lawyers also help those workers to recover the largest available awards to reimburse their costs and expenses while they recuperate from their injuries.

4-part action plan: What to do after a construction accident

Every construction employee that suffers injuries in an on-the-job accident should follow a four-part plan, regardless of how minor his or her injuries may be:

Get medical help as soon as is possible.

Some construction injuries may not be immediately obvious, or the full scope of those injuries may not be apparent until several hours or days after the accident. A doctor’s exam will establish a baseline for injuries and will prevent employers and insurance companies from claiming that the injuries occurred as a result of other circumstances.

Collect and save evidence about the accident. 

If possible, take pictures of the accident scene. Get the names and contact information of any witnesses that observed the accident. Write down all of your memories about the accident, including when it happened and the chronology of events surrounding it. Save all invoices and bills from doctors and medical centers, and record expenses that you incur (e.g., transportation to and from doctor’s visits, etc.) as a result of the accident.

Report the accident to your employer.

New York construction employers are required to carry workers’ compensation and other liability insurance. Under the terms and conditions of those policies, injured employees have a limited amount of time after an incident to file accident and injury reports. If you are not able to file the report, ask for assistance and complete the report with a simple and accurate description of the incident and any resulting injuries.

Retain a construction accident lawyer.

The right attorney will guide you through completing an accident report for your employer and in taking all additional steps that are necessary to secure the largest available compensation for your injuries. In the confusion that inevitably follows a serious construction accident, injured employees might overlook their chance to recover all of the damages that they may be entitled to receive. A knowledgeable and experienced construction accident attorney in New York City will verify that no sources of potential recovery are missed.

Collecting full compensation after a construction accident

Construction workers may be entitled to more than just workers’ compensation benefits after they sustain injuries in an on-the-job accident. If you follow a simple action plan, you will have a better opportunity to recover:

  • Lost wages that would have been earned if your injuries had not caused you to miss work;
  • Reimbursement for payment of medical bills and expenses;
  • Damages for your pain and suffering; and
  • Compensation for the reduction in the quality of your life.

For Legal Representation Following an NYC Construction Accident

Please call Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb, & Green if you have suffered injuries in an on-the-job incident. Our lawyers represent injured workers in the Bronx, Manhattan, and throughout NYC and Long Island. We will fight tirelessly to get you the compensation you deserve. You owe us nothing unless we win money for you! Call today to see how much your case might be worth.M

Car Accident in a Construction Zone: Who Is at Fault?

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Automobile Accident


A routine drive can suddenly turn hazardous when the road becomes a construction zone. In addition to abrupt changes in the landscape, construction zones can be accompanied by hesitant drivers who make poor decisions, as well as obstacles in the path of travel. Due to the other parties and factors involved, these accidents can be more complicated than non-construction zone crashes. A qualified car accident lawyer can sort through the details to hold those at fault responsible.

Increased risks in a construction zone

Whether or not construction workers are present, a construction zone carries with it additional risks. Each construction zone crash is unique, but some common factors include:

  • A sudden change in speed limit
  • An abrupt change in traffic patterns, including narrowed or reduced number of lanes
  • Unclear signs to indicate a change in traffic flow or detours
  • Changed signal operation
  • Workers and equipment entering the road
  • Confused drivers

Who is liable for a New York construction zone accident?

There is no universal answer to who is at fault for a work zone crash. Just as in any other auto accident, a party who was negligent may be held responsible for the portion of the damages caused by their actions.

One of the complicating factors in a construction zone accident is the number of parties who may be involved. Were the traffic signals improperly timed? The municipality and the civil engineers who programmed the signal may be legally responsible.

Did the road crew leave equipment or debris in the path of traffic? The construction company or government may be at fault.

Another driver who initiated the crash may also be partly to blame. Each situation calls for an informed analysis to determine who may be liable.

How to prove fault for a construction zone accident

Proving a defendant’s breach of duty is necessary to receive compensation for an accident. Every driver on the road is under a duty to act reasonably and control their vehicle. Government entities and construction companies have a duty to plan the project and take required precautions, like installing temporary traffic devices. Engineers who develop plans for the construction must meet the standard of care for other professionals in their locale.

In some cases, a jury can decide whether the defendant, such as a reckless driver, acted negligently. When the defendant is a professional such as an engineer, it is necessary to hire an expert witness who can explain what the standard of care for the profession required. Failing to meet the requirement to prove legal fault will jeopardize your right to recover compensation.

Choosing a New York City lawyer: Why experience matters

A serious car accident can sideline you physically and financially, but the law allows those injured by someone else’s negligence to recover compensation from those who caused the injury. Establishing fault in a construction zone accident can be more complicated than in other car accidents, so it is important to choose a New York construction accident attorney experienced in work zone accident claims.

The attorneys at Friedman, Levy Goldfarb & Green provide strong representation to clients throughout New York City, from Brooklyn to the Bronx, who are facing complex claims. Call today to schedule a free consultation to see how we can help you through yours.

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Construction Site Dangers and Pedestrian Injuries

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Construction Accidents

There are more than 250,000 construction sites in the United States on any given day.  A substantial number of those sites are in and around New York, where pedestrian foot traffic is a fact of city life. 

Contractors owe a duty of care to keep those pedestrians safe around construction sites. NYC’s Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. represents injured pedestrians seeking compensation for losses and injuries related to construction site accidents.

Understanding Construction Site Dangers and a Contractor’s Duty to Pedestrians

Pedestrian injuries near construction sites typically occur in one of three ways:

  • Dropped tools or construction materials hit pedestrians walking near the site
  • Construction equipment or machinery operators strike pedestrians that they did not notice
  • Pedestrians slip and fall on uneven or unsafe construction surfaces

Pedestrians have a responsibility not to walk too close to a construction site and to follow safe pathways that construction contractors have arranged. Regardless, contractors will be liable for pedestrian injuries if they fail to follow simple safety procedures.

Who is Liable for Pedestrian Injuries at Construction Sites?

Multiple contractors and different companies typically conduct operations at a single construction site. The general contractor, one or more subcontractors, and the construction site owner or manager might each bear some portion of the liability for a pedestrian’s injuries.

Filing a lawsuit against the wrong parties can delay the resolution of the case and the payment of compensation for losses and injuries that a pedestrian suffered. Injured parties can avoid these unnecessary delays by hiring a knowledgeable and experienced construction accident attorney who is familiar with the common dangers and risks that construction sites pose to pedestrians.  

Estimating the Damages that an Injured Pedestrian Might Recover

In New York, an injured pedestrian must file his or her personal injury lawsuit within three years of the date of the accident. Filing the lawsuit as soon as is possible will always be an injured pedestrian’s best option because early filing will enable a construction site lawyer to analyze evidence and to interview witnesses while the circumstances surrounding the accident are still fresh in their minds.

If those circumstances show that a construction contractor’s negligence caused the pedestrian’s accident and injuries, then that pedestrian will have a strong case to recover compensation for:

  • Present and anticipated future medical bills
  • Wages and earnings that are lost while the pedestrian recuperates from injuries
  • Expenses associated with physical and occupational therapy
  • Pain and suffering, and loss of consortium and companionship
  • Any reduction in the quality of the pedestrian’s life due to permanent injuries and impairments

Contact NYC Construction Site Injury Lawyers

The construction site injury lawyers at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb, & Green represent injured persons in the Bronx, Manhattan, Brooklyn, and throughout NYC and Long Island. Please call today for a free case review with a seasoned, savvy NYC construction site attorney. We will tell you how much your case is worth, and give you all the information you need to decide if you want to move ahead with a lawsuit. We work on a contingency fee basis, which means that you owe us nothing unless we recover damages on your behalf.

Additional Resources:

  1. www.fhwa.dot.gov: Everyone is a Pedestrian – For a Safe Path Through Work Zones, Don’t Miss Your Cues. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/pedbike/issues/workzone.htm

Common Rear-End Collision Injuries

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Automobile Accident

Common Rear-End Collision InjuriesRear end collisions are a leading cause of automobile-related injuries in the United States. In addition to physical and mental pain and suffering, victims can incur medical bills, lost wages, and other financial losses due to their crash-related injuries.

More often than in other types of crashes, rear-enders are caused by one party’s negligence. The New York City car accident attorneys at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green fight on behalf of accident victims to hold those at fault accountable.

Common injuries in rear-end collisions

Due to the physics involved in a strike from behind, certain types of injuries are common in rear-end accidents.

  • Whiplash injuries – A violent jerking forward and back can cause a sprain to the soft tissue of the neck and back. The pain it causes may resolve within a couple of weeks or continue for a year or more. Signs of the injury may not appear immediately.
  • Head injuries – Striking one’s head, even if the airbags deployed, can cause swelling, bruising, cuts, and even traumatic brain injury. Warning signs like loss of consciousness, impaired speech, dizziness, and reduced cognitive function should be evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible because they may indicate a brain injury.
  • Paralysis – A serious blow that injures the spinal cord or brain can render the victim paralyzed. The degree of paralysis and body parts affected depend on where along the brain or spinal cord the injury occurs.
  • Back injuries – In addition to spinal cord injuries, the force of a hit from behind can cause slipped or herniated discs, fractures, and sprains, leading to potential long-term pain and disability.
  • Facial injuries – The impact may cause the victim to hit the dashboard, steering wheel, or windows, leading to facial disfigurement. Even the impact of striking the airbags can cause facial injuries.
  • Broken bones – Drivers tend to tense up and brace the steering wheel during an impact, increasing the likelihood of injuries like broken wrists.
  • Seat belt injuries – Though the benefits of seat belt use generally outweigh the costs, the nearly instantaneous tightening of the seat belt during an accident can cause bruises and cuts across the body.

Taking care of rear end accident injuries

It is all too common that rear-end collision victims overlook the early signs of an injury. Damage from whiplash, other soft tissue injuries, and even brain damage may not be immediately apparent. Seeing a doctor as soon as possible after the accident allows you to treat the injuries as early as possible and potentially limit your suffering.

Seeing a doctor early also provides evidence of the effect of the impact. Pain from an injury often intensifies after a couple of days, but waiting that long to seek medical attention can lead to insurance companies questioning your claim. You can also make your claim go more smoothly by working with a skilled NYC car accident attorney at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green.

Speak with a New York car accident lawyer today

If you were hurt in a rear-end collision, it is important to act quickly. Choose an experienced car accident lawyer to navigate the often-frustrating claims and litigation process for you so you can get your life back to normal.

The attorneys at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green understand what you are going through and have the experience needed to help you recover the money you deserve. Call today to schedule a free consultation. We proudly serve clients throughout the New York City area, including the Bronx, Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Long Island.

Additional resources about rear-end collision injuries:

  1. Insurance Information Institute, Facts + Statistics: Highway safety, https://www.iii.org/fact-statistic/facts-statistics-highway-safety
  2. National Transportation Safety Board, Addressing Deadly Rear-End Crashes, https://www.ntsb.gov/safety/safety-alerts/Documents/SA-046.pdf

Proving Fault in a New York Truck Accident Case

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Automobile Accident

Across the United States, three were 4,237 fatal truck crashes in 2017, the last year for which statistics were available, and 344,000 truck crashes in which someone was injured, according to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Fatal crashes constituted 1% of all truck accidents and collisions in which someone was injured constituted 23% of all truck crashes.

In the five boroughs of New York City, there were 1,486 large commercial truck crashes in July 2019 alone, according to police reports. The only type of vehicle in crashes more often were passenger cars – and passenger cars are much more common than commercial trucks.

Truck Accidents Can Be Catastrophic

If you’re in an accident involving a large commercial truck, you may be seriously – even catastrophically – injured. Harm from an accident can include spinal cord injuries and traumatic brain injuries that can leave you bedridden and unable to care for yourself for the rest of your life.

Broken bones, burns, organ damage, scarring, and loss of limbs are just some of the other injuries that can result from a truck accident. Trucks are exponentially larger and heavier than other vehicles on the road and can do much more damage as a result.

If you have been injured in an accident caused by a truck, you are entitled to have the other party’s insurance company pay for your injuries. In certain cases, you may step outside of New York’s no-fault insurance system and bring a personal injury claim for injuries, wages lost from work, and more. You are entitled to do this if you or a loved one has suffered:

  • Broken bone(s)
  • Significant disfigurement
  • Permanent limitation of use of a body organ or member
  • Significant limitation of use of a body function or system
  • Substantially full disability for 90 days

But both insurance and personal injury claims are dependent on finding out who was at fault for the accident.

How Do I Prove Fault in a Truck Accident?

While finding the parties at fault for an accident may sound simple, it rarely is in truck accidents. If a truck rolled over, for example, it might seem like a very clear cut case of the driver being at fault. A rollover is a serious accident that can be caused by the driver braking too fast, especially on curves or inclines.

But rollovers can be caused by multiple factors other than the driving. Improper and unbalanced loading, worn brakes or tires, or loads too heavy for the truck can all cause rollovers or be contributing factors.

If any of these are the cause, the at-fault parties could be the truck company, the truck owners, the maintenance and repair companies, the loaders or shippers, and even equipment manufacturers.

As a result, it is often necessary to investigate the causes of truck accidents to know who was at fault. Experienced truck accident lawyers can investigate the following:

  • Logbooks and delivery records to see how long the driver had been on the road
  • Cameras and data recorders (black boxes) that can indicate speeds and braking at the time of the accident
  • Witness testimony
  • Expert testimony
  • Expert reconstruction of the accident, which indicates how it occurred
  • Forensic analysis
  • Records of drug and alcohol screening

When You Need a Truck Accident Lawyer in New York City

If you or a loved one has been in a truck accident in New York, you need an experienced law firm with investigative capacity. We can negotiate with insurance companies and fight in court if necessary to see that justice is done.

Please call an experienced NYC truck accident lawyer at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green today for a free consultation about your case.

Additional Resources:

5 Leading Causes of Car Accidents

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Automobile Accident

Even the best of drivers can make mistakes now and then. Whether you’re going a little too fast for weather conditions or texting a friend while trying to steer, there are actions that can seriously increase your risk of having a life-altering or even fatal collision.

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 36,750 people died in motor vehicle crashes last year. And while New York saw a slight decrease in road fatalities, accidents causing serious injuries, lost income and economic hardships abound.

What can you do to avoid becoming a tragic statistic in your hometown? Educate yourself on the leading causes of motor vehicle accidents, drive cautiously, obey traffic laws, and be prepared.

Distracted driving

Distracted driving remains the leading cause of all traffic accidents in the United States. According to some reports, distracted drivers account for up to half of all car crashes today. Any activity that takes your attention and focus away from the wheel is inherently dangerous. Talking on the phone, texting, surfing the web, adjusting music, eating, brushing your hair, or interacting with passengers can compromise your safety and that of others on the road.

Driving while drunk or impaired

DUI accidents are on a downward trend in New York, and across the nation, but the threat of being hit by a drunk driver is still very real. Even two drinks can impair your concentration and reaction times significantly. If you plan on enjoying a cocktail or two, it’s always best to designate a sober driver or arrange a taxi for your trip home.

Speeding

Cruising 10 or 20 miles above the posted speed limit is a recipe for disaster, particularly if road and weather conditions are already treacherous.  Speeding is a major cause of thousands of accidents every year, and not surprisingly, the damage and injuries are considerably worse when excess speed is involved. Going over the speed limit not only slows your reaction time, it magnifies the severity and consequences of the impact.

Inclement weather

You can’t control if it rains, sleets or snows, but you can take steps to be safer on the road, or avoid driving altogether when weather conditions are too risky. Heavy downpours restrict visibility and increase the likelihood of hydroplaning after braking. If the weather is bad, give yourself extra time and take it slowly to avoid getting into an accident.

Aggressive driving

Aggressive driving has the potential to kill. Previous studies by the AAA found that 50 percent of deadly car accidents involved at least one driver who performed a hostile action – be it tailgating, weaving in and out of traffic, or cutting in front of other drivers and then slowing down. Motorists who are rushed, angry, frustrated, or upset may be more prone to committing such inconsiderate and illegal behavior when behind the wheel. If you’re on the road and feel threatened by the hostile actions of another driver, call 9-1-1.

Explore your legal options after a car accident

In the event that you are involved in an accident that wasn’t your fault, it’s a good idea to seek legal representation from a qualified New York car accident lawyer at Friedman Levy Goldfarb & Green.

We represent clients throughout the greater NY metropolitan area and know how to maximize your compensation.  Schedule a free, no-obligation consultation and explore your legal options with a law firm that is dedicated to your success.

Additional Resources:

  1. NHTSA, Early Estimate of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities in 2018 file:///C:/Users/alilo/Desktop/Early%20Estimate%20of%20Motor%20Vehicle%20Traffic%20Fatalities%20in%202018.pdf
  2. Huffington Post, Top 15 Causes Of Car Accidents https://www.huffpost.com/entry/top-15-causes-of-car-accidents_b_11722196

What Are Your Rights When Pulled Over in New York?

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Civil Rights

Police officers are charged with protecting the safety and upholding the rights of individuals. Many officers are ethical professionals who carry out their mission to the best of their abilities. Yet, all too often, people suffer the violation of their civil rights at the hands of law enforcement personnel. It’s important for everyone to be aware of their civil rights in New York so they can swiftly identify when a violation may have occurred and take action by contacting a civil rights lawyer.

Your rights as a driver of a pulled-over vehicle

Every driver has rights and obligations. If a police officer indicates that they would like to pull you over, for example, you’re obligated to safely stop. However, you are not obligated to answer questions. Your personal rights during a traffic stop include the right to remain silent. To exercise this right, you can tell the police officer that you would like to remain silent. However, you must still show the officer your license, registration, and proof of insurance upon request.

In New York City, police officers must inform you that they are requesting your consent to search your car, and they must also tell you that you have the right to refuse. The exceptions are if an officer has a search warrant and if the officer has probable cause that a crime has been committed.

After a traffic stop has been executed, you have the right to challenge its legality in a court of law. You can do this with the assistance of a civil rights attorney.

Your rights as a passenger of a pulled-over vehicle

In New York, passengers of vehicles that have been pulled over have the same rights and responsibilities as drivers do. Police officers could potentially order passengers to step out of the vehicle and submit to a search of their person. However, passengers are also protected from unreasonable searches and seizures, just like drivers. This means they have the right to pursue legal recourse if they have been the victim of an illegal search and seizure.

In short, like drivers, passengers have the following rights:

  • Protection from unlawful or unreasonable searches and seizures
  • Right to remain silent
  • Right to challenge, in a court of law, the legality of the traffic stop
  • Right to challenge, in a court of law, the legality of any search and seizure

Protect your civil rights with aggressive legal representation

If you believe your rights have been violated by a police officer, you need legal guidance right away. Contact the law office of Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. to schedule a consultation with a veteran New York civil rights lawyer. We are committed to vigorously safeguarding the civil rights of individuals and groups and will explore all possible avenues of securing legal recourse on your behalf.

Whether you have been falsely arrested, subjected to an illegal search and seizure in your vehicle or home, wrongfully convicted, or been the victim of police brutality, our legal team will fight to defend your civil rights and freedoms. Individuals throughout New York City and Long Island are invited to contact our law firm to request a free consultationM

I Have Been in a Car Accident. What Do I Do Now?

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Automobile Accident

Shards of car glass on the street after car accident

Police respond to more than 6 million car accidents a year. In a no-fault state like New York, your insurance company is supposed to pay for your damages, regardless of who was at fault for the accident. However, even with the best insurance, it could be an uphill battle to prove the full value of your claim. Often, car accident victims – injured through little to no fault of their own – wind up paying 26 percent of the expense. If your medical bills are $200,000, that’s $52,000 out of your own pocket!

Not many people can afford the immediate cost of a car accident, let alone the lost wages and ongoing care for long-term disability or PTSD. Follow these tips from the car wreck lawyers at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green to pursue maximum compensation through a personal injury lawsuit.

Get out of harm’s way.

If you are very seriously injured, you may not be able to move at all. Dialing 9-1-1 may be all you can do. If possible, move to the shoulder of the road, flipping your hazards on to warn other drivers of the disabled vehicle. Remember, you are required by the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law to immediately notify the police if a person is injured or killed in a motor vehicle accident. Failure to do so could result in license suspension by the Department of Motor Vehicles.  

Document what happened.

Ask the police to file a formal report, and request a copy for your records. While you wait for the police to arrive, you can gather the names of the other driver and passengers, the license plate number, insurance company name and policy number, color/make/model of the other vehicle, and contact information for any eyewitnesses.

Note the location of the accident, the direction the vehicles were traveling/facing, and the name and badge number of any responding officers. Use your smartphone camera to snap photos of the accident scene. Some insurers let you upload photos when you file your claim. Be careful what you say to the other driver. Be careful not to admit any liability for what happened.

Take care of yourself.

Even a minor symptom like dizziness, confusion, or a sore neck should be investigated by a health care professional. At least see your family physician if your injuries do not require emergency care at the hospital. Chiropractors are good medical professionals to see after an accident, as they take the time to carefully assess your “hard” injuries and refer you to the appropriate specialists. Diagnostic imaging like MRIs, x-rays, and CT scans may be necessary. You might need a psychologist, psychiatrist, or neurosurgeon to evaluate you for mild traumatic brain injury or PTSD symptoms.  

Call a car wreck attorney.

Consulting with a respected personal injury law firm costs you nothing. Successful attorneys work based on contingency, meaning you pay nothing out-of-pocket, and only pay if you end up filing a lawsuit that results in a settlement or jury award.

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green is a New York personal injury firm with a 50-year track record of success. Working with an experienced car wreck lawyerfrom the beginning increases your chances of obtaining the maximum compensation, as we investigate, preserve evidence, and make sure you receive top medical care. 

File your insurance claim.

Call your own auto insurance provider, let them know, “I was in a car accident,” and find out what to do after a car wreck to pursue compensation for damages. You can file by phone, online, or through an app – either from the scene of the accident or later. When speaking with the insurance agent, you’ll want to make sure you understand key aspects of your coverage:

  • How much collision coverage do you have (to cover your property damage)?
  • How much medical coverage will you receive from your bodily injury policy?
  • How much is your deductible (the amount you have to pay out-of-pocket toward repairs and medical coverage before insurance kicks in)?
  • Do you have rental reimbursement coverage? If so, what is your daily limit?
  • How long do you have to make a claim and submit your bills?

Get your vehicle repaired.

The insurance adjuster investigating your accident will let you know how much you’ll be offered to pay for damages. Insurers typically require you to go to a designated repair center to get an estimate for repair costs. You can cross-reference the adjuster’s report with Kelley Blue Book or get a few other estimates.

If you disagree with the adjuster’s value, you can ask for a full report detailing how the repair costs were assessed and ask the adjuster for an explanation of the insurance payout.

When you call an NYC car accident lawyer at our firm, the burden of investigating the value of your vehicle and dealing with the insurance company is lifted. We’ll make sure the damaged parts of your vehicle are preserved as evidence, should it become necessary in court. Contact us for your free consultation as soon as possible.

Additional resources:

  1. http://www.rmiia.org/auto/traffic_safety/Cost_of_crashes.asp
  2. https://dmv.ny.gov/dmv-records/motorist-accident-reports

5 Key Legal Issues Unique to Truck Accidents

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. Friedman Levy

If you or a loved one have been hurt in a motor vehicle collision with a large commercial tractor-trailer or 18-wheeler, you need an attorney who has experience handling truck accident claims. There are unique issues that must be addressed in order to prevail in a lawsuit and maximize your compensation. In New York City, the law office of Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb and Green is here to answer any questions you may have.  

Worse Injuries and Property Damage

The sheer size and weight of a commercial truck mean greater propensity for harm, whether it’s a spinal cord injury, head trauma, internal injuries from a roll-over, burns from a truck transporting flammable cargo, or broken bones. About 29% of all truck accidents result in serious injury, and nearly 1.5 percent result in a fatality. People in passenger cars are the ones who suffer in 73 percent of all truck accidents, according to the National Institute of Traffic and Highway Safety.

Larger Insurance Minimums

Compared to a passenger vehicle accident, the insurance policy limits are higher for commercial vehicles. Yet, for some, the increased availability of cash is still not enough. While commercial trucks have larger insurance minimums than passenger vehicles, the amount required by law was set in the 1980s and has remained unchanged for nearly 40 years, despite inflation. The minimums range from $750,000 to $1 million, depending on the gross vehicle weight and type of cargo carried.

Government representatives have recommended increasing minimum liability insurance to $4.9 million.

Federal Regulations and Trucking Company Policies

Companies operating commercial trucks must comply with state and federal safety regulations. For example:

  • Truckers must submit to routine, mandatory drug and alcohol testing.
  • Trucking companies must perform routine maintenance on their vehicles and maintain a log of upkeep.
  • There are limits on the allowable length and weight of the truck.
  • Trucking companies are responsible for pre-hiring screening.
  • All drivers must have valid commercial drivers’ licenses.
  • There is a maximum number of consecutive hours on the road and mandatory breaks.

A number of additional rules may apply to a trucker’s conduct, based on internal company policies. Policies typically cover substance use, medical disabilities, pre-trip inspections, breaks, maintenance, and virtually every aspect of the job. When there is a deviation in company protocol, the case for liability becomes easier to establish.

Multiple Party Liability

In addition to the driver of the truck, liable parties may include:

  • The truck driver’s employer
  • The truck licensing company
  • The truck manufacturer
  • The truck repair shop
  • The cargo loading subcontractor
  • Another motor vehicle driver involved in the crash

Compromised Evidence

It is surprisingly commonplace for truckers or trucking firms to falsify their logbooks or reset black box recorders to hide wrongdoing. Experienced truck accident attorneys can recognize inconsistencies and subpoena records from GPS or data recorders that may conflict with the defendants’ accounts.  

We prefer to work with plaintiffs right away, so we can preserve accident scene evidence. Crash scene reconstructionists take detailed notes on the speed and direction traveled, as well as the positioning of each vehicle after the collision. Our team of investigators can interview eyewitnesses, track down surveillance footage, and make sure your vehicle damage is properly documented before it is repaired.

Contact A NYC Truck Accident Lawyer

Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb and Green have served New York for over 50 years. We have extensive experience not just in automobile accidents generally, but in truck accidents specifically. Our team understands the unique challenges your lawsuit is likely to face and has a vast arsenal of resources to combat any potential issue that may arise. Contact an NYC truck accident lawyerfrom our firm for a free consultation and contingency-based representation that costs you nothing upfront.

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Learn about the issues unique to truck accidents from personal injury attorneys Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green in New York City.